The implementation challenge revisited

Knowledge and trust in knowledge are not enough for action. One, if not the major challenge, is in fact to implement the knowledge at hand for the better good of humanity. We arguably possess technical solutions as well as healthcare and economic organization that could alleviate the lives of the vast majority of poor and ill, while at the same time putting less pressure on the global climate. But obstacles to change exist on each and every level of global governance.

A fair and just implementation of knowledge can become ideological, raising issues pertaining to nationality, way of life, individual rights and faith or conviction. The global community does not strike most people4 as a frame of reference. At the same time, both climate change and the pandemic have concretely illustrated not only that we are deeply interconnected with each other, but also the consequences thereof.

This session is focused on the question of how we might work towards implementation of established solutions rather than on innovation of novel ones and thereby also make better use of the scarce resources of our planet.

Prof. Carl Johan Sundberg


Professor at the Department of Physiology and Pharmacology and Head of the Department of Learning, Informatics, Management and Ethics (LIME), at the Karolinska Institutet in Stockholm

Carl Johan Sundberg is a licensed physician and professor at Karolinska Institutet where his research is focused on human genetics, genomics and epigenetics in relation to physical activity in patients and in healthy individuals. Another main research area concerns AI/ML-based computerized history taking, i.e. the patient interacts with a tablet or a computer and provides information about symptoms and other elements of history. Carl Johan is the head of the Department of learning, Informatics, management and Ethics.

In 2005, he received a Certificate of Commendation for Communication in the Life Sciences from European Molecular Biology Organisation and the European Commission’s Descartes Communication Prize for Excellence in Science Communication. Carl Johan serves as Treasurer of Euroscience and was the initiator of Euroscience Open Forum, a large (~4000 participants) biennial international general science meeting on science, technology, business and science communication. Carl Johan has designed science centre exhibitions and authored several text-books in biology for 12-19 year-olds as well as several popular science books on the biology of exercise.

Carl Johan is an elected member of the Royal Swedish Academy of Engineering Sciences. For ten years, he worked as investment director at a 60 M€ life science venture fund. Carl Johan has served as member or chairman of numerous academic boards, e.g. president Swedish Society for Sports Medicine, member of the International Olympic Committee´s Medical Commission, Inspektor (guardian) for the Medical Student’s association) and chair of Research!Sweden – an independent advocacy foundation for medical research and innovation.

Dr. Nina Wormbs


Professor KTH

Nina Wormbs (MSc in engineering physics, PhD in history of technology) is professor in history of technology. She has studied media history and digitalisation but recently moved to studying climate change from the view-point of environmental humanities, for example the normativity of scientific assessments and the temporal dimensions of climate change models. Publications include Wormbs & Wolrath Söderberg (2021), “Knowledge, Fear, and Conscience: Reasons to Stop Flying Because of Climate Change”, Urban Planning; Wormbs (2019), “Technology Dependent Commons”, in Routledge handbook of the study of the commons; Wormbs (2018), ”Sublime Satellite Imagery as Environing Technology”, Azimuth; and Wormbs (ed.), Competing Arctic Futures (Palgrave 2018). She communicates research through the daily press and public service radio and she collaborates with society as a member of steering committees and commissions. In 2013-14 she was the public inquirer on digitalisation of radio for the Ministry of Culture.

Kei Koizumi

Chief of staff, US Office of Science and Technology Policy (OSTP) at the White House, former Assistant Director for Federal Research and Development, OSTP and senior advisor to the National Science and Technology Council

Kei Koizumi is the Chief of Staff for the White House Office of Science and Technology Policy. He was previously Senior Advisor for Science Policy at the American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS). In the Obama-Biden administration, Mr. Koizumi was Assistant Director for Federal Research & Development and Senior Advisor to the National Science and Technology Council at OSTP.

Before then, he was the Director of the AAAS R&D Budget and Policy Program. Born in Providence, Rhode Island, he is from Columbus, Ohio. Mr. Koizumi is a graduate of Boston University and George Washington University.

Prof. Agnes Binagwaho

Vice Chancellor of the University of Global Health Equity, Rwanda, former Minister of health in the Rwandan government, paediatrician

Professor Agnes Binagwaho, MD, M(Ped), PHD currently resides in Rwanda and is the Vice Chancellor and co-founder of the University of Global Health Equity (UGHE), an initiative of Partners In Health. She is a Rwandan pediatrician, who returned to Rwanda in the late 1990s. She worked for 20 years in the public health sector in Rwanda, first as a clinician in public hospitals for four years. Afterwards, she worked in various high-level government positions between 2002 and 2016, serving first as the Executive Secretary of Rwanda’s National AIDS Control Commission, then as the Permanent Secretary of the Ministry of Health, and lastly as the Minister of Health for five years.

Professor Binagwaho also serves as a Senior Lecturer in the Department of Global Health and Social Medicine at Harvard Medical School, Adjunct Clinical Professor of Pediatrics at Dartmouth’s Geisel School of Medicine, and Professor of Pediatrics at UGHE. Prof. Agnes supports research, data, and education and does so through her work as member of the U.S. National Academy of Medicine, fellow of the African Academy of Sciences, member of the UNESCO Expert Group on Universities, and as Co-Chair for the International COVID-19 Data Alliance (ICODA) Scientific and Strategic Advisory Committee and the T20 Italy Task Force on Global Health and COVID-19. To leverage health for both Africa and Europe, Prof. Agnes also serves as Co-Chair and Member for the Africa-Europe Strategy Group on Health. She has published over 210 peer-reviewed articles and was named among the 100 Most Influential African Women for 2020.

Dr. Anna Bergström

Implementation specialist at the Center for Epidemiology and Community medicine in Stockholm and implementation scientist at Uppsala University and Karolinska Institutet

Dr. Anna Bergström is an implementation specialist and scientist with particular focus on which aspects and how context influence change processes in healthcare systems. Dr. Bergström coordinated the development of the Context Assessment for C ommunity Health (C OAC H) tool in a large consortium of researchers from Bangladesh, Vietnam, Uganda, South Africa, Nicaragua and Canada. Previously, she has been involved in implementation research in Nepal, Mozambique, Uganda and Tanzania aimed to improve maternal and neonatal health practices and implementation of evidence-based methods. Bergström is also involved in research in Sweden focusing on building implementation capacity in health care and social welfare.  Her outmost interest in implementation science is how to build systems that can manage wicked problems.